Center Prodh

The Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Human Rights Center

Disappearances and executions of past decades

Alicia de los Ríos

Center Prodh has documented and litigated various cases of enforced disappearance and extrajudicial execution committed during the so-called “Dirty War” of the 1970s by military and civilian security forces. These include:

Five members of the Guzmán Cruz family who were disappeared in Michoacán state between 1974 and 1976. This case is in the merits stage before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, litigated by Center Prodh and the Diego Lucero Foundation. The family has suffered harassment, attacks, and intimidation during the international litigation of the case.

Martha Camacho Loaiza, survivor of enforced disappearance in Sinaloa in 1977. During the 49 days of her captivity she gave birth and witnessed the torture and extrajudicial execution of her husband. In 2013, Martha and Center Prodh achieved a District Court judgment that took international treaties into account to determine that the detention, execution, and disappearance of the body of Martha’s husband constitutes enforced disappearance. However, the judge found that a statute of limitations was applicable to Martha’s own enforced disappearance of two months’ duration. The judgment was appealed by both sides.

Alicia de los Ríos Merino, a young woman from Chihuahua. She was disappeared in 1978 in Mexico City. Center Prodh, the Diego Lucero Foundation, the Committee of Mothers of the Disappeared in Chihuahua, and family members presented this case before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in 2011, where it awaits admissibility.

Diego Lucero Martínez, detained and executed in 1972 in Chihuahua, where he was active in opposition movements.

David Jiménez Fragoso, disappeared in 1975 in Mexico State. In 2011, Center Prodh and the Diego Lucero Foundation presented his case before the Inter-American Commission, where it awaits admissibility.

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